Neutrino CLI

Using the command-line interface is the preferred and simplest way of interacting with Neutrino.

When using the Neutrino CLI, you provide a list of presets for the API to attempt to load and merge configurations for. Each preset will attempt to be loaded from the current working directory's node_modules, nested within, by name, or relative file path. If it cannot be found, an exception will be thrown.

In addition to any provided presets, Neutrino will also attempt to load configuration data from the package.json residing in the current working directory. If this package.json contains an object at neutrino.config, this data will be merged with the Neutrino configuration after all presets and middleware have been loaded.

Let's take a look at the CLI usage.

--help

Using neutrino --help will bring up the following help guide:

❯ neutrino --help
Commands:
  start           Build a project in development mode
  build           Compile the source directory to a bundled build
  test [files..]  Run all suites from the test directory or provided files

Options:
  --inspect  Output a string representation of the configuration used by Neutrino and exit   [boolean]
  --use      A list of Neutrino middleware used to configure the build                       [array] [default: []]
  --env      The value for the environment variable, NODE_ENV                                [string]
  --debug    Run in debug mode                                                               [boolean] [default: false]
  --version  Show version number                                                             [boolean]
  --help     Show help                                                                       [boolean]

--version

Using --version will output the current version of the Neutrino CLI to the console and exit.

❯ neutrino --version
5.0.0

--use

The --use flag can be used in conjunction with any of the top-level commands to specify a collection of middleware and presets to load. These can be an npm package or a relative path to a module to load as middleware.

❯ neutrino start --use neutrino-preset-react neutrino-preset-karma

The Neutrino CLI will still attempt to load any presets and middleware defined in the project's package.json located at config.use. Middleware passed via the CLI --use will take precedence over middleware defined in config.use, meaning that options set by package.json middleware can have their values overridden by --use middleware.

--inspect

The --inspect flag can be used to write out a stringified version of the Webpack configuration which has been accumulated by all middleware. When using the --inspect flag, the Neutrino CLI will still import all presets and middleware that have been supplied, but will then exit after logging the configuration to stdout. No builds, servers, or watchers will be started.

❯ neutrino start --inspect --use neutrino-preset-react neutrino-preset-jest

This could also be used to help create diffs between configuration changes. Take the following command:

❯ neutrino start --inspect --use neutrino-preset-react neutrino-preset-jest

We can capture this inspection to a file, and capture the change by adding a preset override:

❯ neutrino start --inspect --use neutrino-preset-react neutrino-preset-jest > a.config
❯ neutrino start --inspect --use neutrino-preset-react neutrino-preset-jest override.js > b.config

Using git diff a.config b.config, we get a pretty diff of the configuration change:

diff --git a/a.config b/b.config
index 3356802..d4d82ef 100644
--- a/a.config
+++ b/b.config
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@
   devtool: 'source-map',
   entry: {
     index: [
+      'babel-polyfill',
       '/node/src/index.js'
     ]
   },

--debug

Informs interested middleware that they should be in a state of debugging. This doesn't currently make Neutrino itself behave any differently, rather it can be used to inform middleware to behave differently, by outputting console information, inspecting processes, or changing configuration helpful for debugging.

neutrino start

Using the command neutrino start builds a project in development mode, also starting a development server or source watcher depending on the middleware or configuration used. This command sets the NODE_ENV environment variable to development by default.

neutrino build

Using the command neutrino build builds a project in production mode, rendering static assets to the configured build output destination. This command sets the NODE_ENV environment variable to production by default.

neutrino test

Using the command neutrino test passes execution onto a test runner preset. It is up to the preset or middleware being used to determine how source files are built or provided to tests. See your particular test middleware for details. This command sets the NODE_ENV environment variable to test by default.

Looking at the --help for neutrino test:

❯ neutrino test --help
neutrino test [files..]

Options:
  --inspect   Output a string representation of the configuration used by Neutrino and exit  [boolean] [default: false]
  --use      A list of Neutrino presets used to configure the build                          [array] [default: []]
  --version  Show version number                                                             [boolean]
  --env      The value for the environment variable, NODE_ENV                                [string]
  --debug    Run in debug mode                                                               [boolean] [default: false]
  --help     Show help                                                                       [boolean]
  --coverage Collect test coverage information and generate report                           [boolean] [default: false]
  --watch    Watch source files for changes and re-run tests                                 [boolean] [default: false]

Using the command neutrino test will execute every test file located in your testing directory. You may also provide to this command the specific test files you wish to run individually. It is important to note that when combined with the --use parameter, you should use two dashes after the last preset to denote the end of the presets and the beginning of the test files.

❯ neutrino test a_test.js b_test.js
❯ neutrino test --use neutrino-preset-react neutrino-preset-karma -- a_test.js b_test.js

You can also pass a flag --watch to watch source files for changes and re-run tests, if your middleware supports it.

❯ neutrino test --watch

As well you can pass a flag --coverage to collect test coverage information and generate a report, if your middleware supports it.

❯ neutrino test --coverage

Exit codes

When the CLI creates an instance of Neutrino, it waits for all commands to either resolve or reject their Promise. If the command succeeded, the CLI will exit with code 0. If there was an error, the CLI will log the error to the console and exit with code 1. This makes it easier to use Neutrino commands for status reasons, such as failing a pull request on continuous integration if any tests fail or if there are linter errors.

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